The Need for Cardiac Catheterization
Cardiac catheterization is used as a medical procedure by cardiologists to examine the heart functioning of the patient. This helps them in diagnosing any cardiovascular disease.
The cardiologist inserts a long narrow tube called catheter in the neck, arm or groin artery or vein of the patient. The tube passes through the patient’s blood vessel and makes its way to his heart. Afterwards, a dye is injected into the tube which is produced by cath lab manufacturers. The dye aids the cardiologist in analyzing the heart vessels and chambers with the help of a special device. A cardiologist can also conduct diagnostic tests using the catheter.
Why cardiac catheterization?
The doctor may suggest you to have cardiac catheterization in case he needs to diagnose a heart illness. He may even conduct the procedure in case of chest pain in the patient to figure out the cause.
When a heart illness is to be detected, your doctor would or might recommend you to undergo cardiac catheterization. Since, with the help of this procedure, the doctor can:
Confirm the congenital heart illness rate
Find out any issue with the patient’s heart valves through this procedure
Assess pressure in the heart of the patient
Assess the amount of oxygen in patient’s heart i.e. he can carry out the hemodynamic assessment
Find out any blocked blood vessel that may be responsible for chest pain in future
Detect biopsy tissue from patient’s heart
How to Prepare for the Procedure
Before the beginning of the procedure, do not take any medications unless the doctor suggests the same. Ask your doctor if you can eat or drink something before going through the procedure. Usually, you are not allowed to eat or drink anything. The reason being it raises the patient’s risk of complications.
Nevertheless, before the catheter is inserted, the doctor may give the patient an anesthetic injection. The area under inspection gets numb as a result.
The doctor starts with an intravenous (IV) line which is put in the arm or hand of the patient and supplies medication to them before the procedure, during it and even after it.
Benefits of the Procedure
While some issues may not be noticed with other procedures, cardiac catheterization does not miss out on the same. Be it a heart attack or stroke. If the cardiologist addresses the issue successfully, a stroke or attack down the road may get eliminated.